Walton High


Overview of Walton High’s curriculum

Important Messages


GCSE: Results available Thursday 24 August –  9.00am till 10.00am


Here you will find all you need to know to start your new passion; Law. The subject offers lots of opportunities to develop an understanding of how the Law works in your everyday life but also provides stimulating debates and interactive sessions where you decide on the sentencing of a defendant or the value in maintaining a jury system for Criminal Trials.

Our annual visit to London offers true context to the workings of a Criminal Court as we sit in the public gallery at the ‘Old Bailey’ as well as venturing into the Supreme Court of Justice and sitting in the seats of some of the most powerful judges in the world.

At A2 your passion for Criminal Law will further be enhanced by knowledge of murder, manslaughter and how to evade liability at all costs (The defences!!) Plus your morality will be called into question as we consider whether the Law and the morality of modern UK society really matches up; especially as euthanasia and other controversial topics keep pushing and provoking a response from our the law makers.

AS Law

Course Description and Content:
Law A Level is a subject which is widely recognised as being truly academic, encourages critical thinking skills, problem solving, creative writing and reasoning. For students who enjoy Humanities and English subjects, Law is a good choice. However, students who have completed maths and science based A levels have also proven very successful in law, due to the clinical approach which the subject lends itself too.
There has been speculation in the press that Universities do not “like” Law A level however; this does not match with my experience or the independent study which AQA carried out.  Please follow this link for the study: http://filestore.aqa.org.uk/subjects/AQA-2160-W-UNI-LAW.PDF.

Students will be introduced to areas of law such as Tort and Crime and will gain an understanding of English Legal System and Method.

In Unit One students study:

  • Statutory Interpretation, Judicial Precedent and The Criminal Courts and lay people.


In Unit Two students study:

  • ‘Underlying principles of Criminal Liability’ and ‘Liability in Negligence’


Unit One: 100% Exam: 1hr 30: Two sections worth 45 marks each
Unit Two: 100% Exam: 1hr 30: Three topics over two sections worth 30marks each


All students are provided with a set text.
But may also wish to purchase one of the following;  ‘AQA Law AS’ published by Nelson Thorne or
‘AQA Law for AS’ written by Jacqueline Martin.



Autumn Term 1a

  • Underlying principles of Criminal Liability, these include: Actus reus: voluntary acts and omissions; causation. Mens rea: intention and subjective recklessness; transferred malice; coincidence of actus reus and mens rea. Concepts of actus reus and mens rea in the context of non-fatal offences. Common assault: assault and battery. Offences Against the Person Act 1861: actual bodily harm; wounding and grievous bodily harm; wounding and grievous bodily harm with intent. Strict liability, including areas of application, and reasons for its imposition.


  • The Courts: Procedure and Sentencing Outline of Criminal Courts: Magistrates and Crown. Classification of offences: summary; indictable (triable either way and indictable only) – explored in the context of non-fatal offences. Outline procedure to trial: bail, plea and sending for trial. Outline of burden and standard of proof. Sentencing: outline of aims of sentencing; outline of sentences available for adult offenders; outline of aggravating and mitigating factors in sentencing.

Autumn Term 1b

  • Liability in Negligence, this includes: Liability in negligence for physical injury to people and damage to property. Duty of care: neighbour principle; Caparo three-part test. Breach of duty: concept of the reasonable man; risk factors, including characteristics of the defendant and claimant, magnitude of risk, practicality of precautions, social utility of the risk. Damage: factual causation and legal causation (remoteness of damage).


  • The Courts: Procedure and Damages Outline of Civil Courts: County Court, High Court. Outline procedure to Trial: claim form; opportunities for Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR); case management; three tracks. Outline of burden and standard of proof, including res ipsa loquitur. Outline of compensatory damages: compensation for personal injuries and property; mitigation of loss; general and special; pecuniary and non-pecuniary; lump sums and structured settlements.

Spring Term 2

  • Statutory Interpretation, where they must: Common law approaches to interpretation: literal, golden and mischief rules; purposive approach. Aids to interpretation: rules of language; internal and external aids. Advantages and disadvantages of the different approaches and aids to statutory interpretation.


  • Judicial Precedent, where they must
  • The Criminal Courts and lay people, where they must: Outline of criminal courts and appeal system, including classification of offences. Lay magistrates: qualification, selection and appointment; composition of bench; training; role and powers. Jurors: qualification and selection; role. The advantages and disadvantages of using lay people in the criminal courts.


Summer Term 3A

Unit 1 and Unit 2 Exam Preparation

Summer Term 3b

Start A2 programme – A2 Unit 4: Concepts of Law

A2 Law

Course Description and Content:

In Unit Three students study:

Fatal and Non-fatal offences, Defences which are specific and general to all offences. Evaluation of non-fatals, voluntary manslaughter and general defences.

In Unit Four students study:

Offences against property, defences available in property offences. Concept of law for the purpose of creating a evaluative essay on the law.


Unit Three: 100% Exam: 1hr 30: One section answered in full from a choice of two. Two problem based questions and one evaluation essay.
Unit Four: 100% Exam: 1hr 30: One section answered in full from a choice of two. Two problem based questions and one evaluation essay.


All students are issued with a set text: ‘AQA Law A2’ published by Nelson Thorne
Students may also wish to purchase ‘AQA Law for AS’ written by Jacqueline Martin



Autumn Term 1a

  • Murder Actus reus (including causation), mens rea (malice aforethought).
  • Voluntary manslaughter Defences of loss of control and diminished responsibility.
  • Involuntary manslaughter Gross negligence manslaughter, unlawful act manslaughter.
  • Non-fatal offences against the person Assault, battery, actual bodily harm, wounding and grievous bodily harm, wounding and grievous bodily harm with intent.


Autumn Term 1b

  • Defences Insanity, automatism, intoxication, consent, self-defence/prevention of crime.
  • Evaluation Critical evaluation of all of the above (with the exception of involuntary manslaughter)


Spring Term 2

  • Theft and Robbery Actus reus (appropriation, property, belonging to another). Mens rea (dishonesty, intention permanently to deprive)(s1 Theft Act 1968).
  • Theft with use or threat of use of force (s8 Theft Act 1968).
  • Burglary Elements of s9(1)(a) and s9(1)(b) Theft Act 1968, burglary in dwellings and other buildings.
  • Blackmail -Unwarranted demand with menaces (s21 Theft Act 1968).


Summer Term 3A

  • Fraud by false representation (s2 Fraud Act 2006) and obtaining services dishonestly (s11 Fraud Act 2006).
  • Making off without payment Making off without payment (s3 Theft Act 1978).
  • Criminal Damage Basic (s1(1), Criminal Damage Act 1971) and aggravated (s1(2), Criminal Damage Act 1971) and by fire (arson s1(3), Criminal Damage Act 1971).
  • Defences Intoxication, duress, duress of circumstances, self-defence/ prevention of crime.
  • Concepts of Law; Law & Morality, Law & Justice, Fault


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